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FCI-Standard N° 359
Illustration by M. Davidson, ©NKU Picture Library. This illustration
does not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD:
Group 3, Terriers – Section
3 Bull type Terriers
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
It was a certain James Hinks who first standardised the breed type
in the 1850s, selecting the egg-shaped head. The breed was first
shown in its present form at Birmingham in 1862. The Bull Terrier
Club was formed in 1887. The truly interesting thing about the breed
is that the standard says quite deliberately :
“There are neither
weight nor height limits, but there should be the impression of
maximum substance for size of dog consistent with quality and sex.
Dog should at all times be balanced.”
A smaller example of the Bull Terrier
has been known since the early 19th century but fell out of favour
prior to the First World War and was removed from the Kennel Club
Breed Register in 1918. In 1938, a revival was spearheaded by
Colonel Richard Glyn and a group of fellow enthusiasts who formed
the Miniature Bull Terrier Club. The standard is the same as that of
the Bull Terrier with the exception of a height limit.
Strongly built, muscular, well balanced and active with a keen,
determined and intelligent expression. A unique feature is a
head. Irrespective of size dogs should look masculine and bitches
Courageous, full of spirit, with a fun loving attitude. Of even
temperament and amenable to discipline. Although obstinate is
particularly good with people.
Long, strong and deep right to end of muzzle, but not
coarse. Viewed from front egg–shaped
and completely filled, its surface free from hollows or indentations.
Profile curves gently downwards from top of skull to tip of nose.
Top of skull almost flat from ear to ear.
Should be black. Bent downwards at tip. Nostrils well developed.
Clean and tight.
Under-jaw deep and strong. Teeth sound, clean, strong, of good size,
regular with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i. e.
upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the
Appearing narrow and triangular, obliquely placed, black or as dark
brown as possible so as to appear almost black and with a piercing
glint. Distance from tip of nose to eyes perceptibly greater than
that from eyes to top of skull. Blue or partly blue undesirable.
Small, thin and placed close together. Dog should be able to hold
them stiffly erect, when they point straight upwards.
muscular, long, arched, tapering from shoulders to head and free
from loose skin.
rounded with marked spring of rib and great depth from withers to
brisket, so that latter nearer ground than belly.
Short, strong, with backline behind withers level, arching or
roaching slightly over loins.
Broad, well muscled.
Broad when viewed from front.
Underline and belly:
From brisket to belly forms a graceful
set on low and carried horizontally. Thick at root, it tapers to a
Dog should stand solidly upon legs and they should be perfectly
parallel. In mature dogs length of forelegs should be approximately
equal to depth of chest.
Strong and muscular without loading. Shoulder blades wide, flat and
held closely to chest wall and have a very pronounced backward slope
of front edge from bottom to top, forming almost a right angle with
Held straight and strong.
Forelegs have strongest type of round,
Round and compact with well arched toes.
Hind legs parallel when viewed from behind.
Joint well bent.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern):
Bone to foot short and strong.
Round and compact with well arched toes.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
When moving appears well knit, smoothly covering ground with free,
easy strides and with a typical jaunty air. When trotting, movement
parallel, front and back, only converging towards centre line at
faster speeds, forelegs reaching out well and hind legs moving
smoothly at hip, flexing well at stifle and hock, with great thrust.
flat, even and harsh to touch with a fine gloss. A soft textured
undercoat may be present in winter.
White, pure white coat. Skin pigmentation and markings on head not
to be penalised. For Coloured, colour predominates; all other things
being equal, brindle preferred. Black brindle, red, fawn and
tricolour acceptable. Tick markings in white coat undesirable. Blue
and liver highly undesirable.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height should not exceed 35,5 cms. There should be an impression of
substance to size of dog consistent with quality and sex. There is
no weight limit. Dog should at all times be balanced.
departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and
the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in
exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and
welfare of the dog.
– Aggressive or overly shy
– Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities
shall be disqualified
animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum (this expression is obligatory in every standard).